Dystonia: a surgeon's perspective.
Aziz TZ., Green AL.
Surgery for dystonia has a history stretching back for centuries including myotomy and other procedures on the musculoskeletal system. In the last century lesional procedures, mainly involving the pallidum became popular. More recently, with the advent of deep brain stimulation, bilateral medial pallidal stimulation has become commonplace. This review describes the issues with patient selection, technical aspects of implantation and effects as well as complications of the technique. Some of the rarer types of dystonia that have also been treated with DBS are also described.