Preparation and properties of multi-walled carbon nanotube/carbon/polystyrene composites
Ji L., Stevens MM., Zhu Y., Gong Q., Wu J., Liang J.
Multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/C/polystyrene (PS) composite materials were prepared by in situ polymerization of monomer in preformed MWCNT/C foams. MWCNT/C foams were preformed using polyurethane foam as template. The preformed MWCNT/C foams had a more continuous conductive structure than the carbon nanotube networks formed by free assembly in composites. The structure of the MWCNT/C foam network was characterized with scanning electron microscopy. The MWCNT/C/PS composites have an electric conductivity higher than 0.01 S/cm for a filler loading of 1 wt.%. Enhancement of thermal conductivity and mechanical properties by the preformed MWCNT/C foam were also observed. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.