L-arginine supplementation reduces cardiac noradrenergic neurotransmission in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Lee CW., Li D., Channon KM., Paterson DJ.
Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) are known to have cardiac noradrenergic hyperactivity due to an impaired nitric oxide (NO)-cGMP pathway. We hypothesized that dietary l-arginine supplementation may correct this autonomic phenotype. Male SHR and Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) aged 16-18 weeks were given l-arginine (10 g/L in drinking water) for 1 week. Separate control groups received no supplementation. The SHR control had a significantly lower plasma l-arginine than WKY control, but this was increased to a comparable level following l-arginine. Atrial cGMP was lower in the SHR control compared with the WKY control (2.4+/-0.4 pmol/mg vs 3.9+/-0.5 pmol/mg, p<0.05), but increased to 4.1+/-0.5 pmol/mg protein (n=8, p<0.05) with l-arginine. Evoked [(3)H]norepinephrine release in isolated spontaneously beating right atria from the SHR control (328+/-19%, n=19) was 28% higher than the WKY control (256+/-20%, n=14, p<0.05), but was reduced to 258+/-11% with l-arginine feeding (n=24, p<0.01). Soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) inhibition caused a greater increase of evoked norepinephrine release in the l-arginine fed SHR compared with the non-fed SHR. l-arginine feeding did not reduce evoked norepinephrine release in the WKY. In-vitro heart rate response to exogenous norepinephrine (0.1-5 mumol/L) was similar between l-arginine fed (n=13) and non-fed SHR (n=10), suggesting that l-arginine supplementation worked pre-synaptically. Myocardial tyrosine hydroxylase protein was decreased in SHR following l-arginine supplementation, providing a link to reduced synthesis of norepinephrine. In conclusion, l-arginine supplementation corrects local cardiac noradrenergic hyperactivity in the SHR, probably via increased pre-synaptic substrate availability of NOS-sGC-cGMP pathway and reduced tyrosine hydroxylase levels.